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Methodology of Computation of CHEDS-Indicators

 

Aim: In this document, we summarize the formula used to compute the values of the 62 indicators to enable institutions to re-compute them from their data if they wish.

1.       Notations:

·          denotes the ith indicator for

·         The variables used for calculations are denoted according to their category and their ordering within the category:

Finance-variables: 

The budgeted amounts for the financial variables are denoted by:

   

and the actual/real amounts of the previous academic year are denoted by:

          

Other Variables:

The Enrolments, Graduates, Faculty, Institutional, Survey, and Publications variables will be denoted by E, G, FM, INT, SUR and PUB respectively. That is:

     

     

   

   

  

  

 

Where nf, ne, ng, nfm, and nint denote the number of variables in each category, the corresponding data field is shown in the updated version of Data-Specification (www.caa.ae/cheds), and subscript t stands for transpose.

Illustrative example:

nf is equal to 38 because we have 38 data elements in the financial data. From Column E of the Excel sheet of Financial information in the data specification, B1 and B2 denote the yearly total salary of FT and PT Non-Faculty academic Staff and that of FT and PT Administrative Staff, respectively. AC1 and AC2 denote the last academic year’s Actual amounts for these 2 variables.

 

Area 1: Institutional Information (13 Indicators)

 

Indicator 1: Revenues   

The returned value of the revenues Indicator  is of the form:

 

where

  is the total of all revenues (B37) . That is:

       

  is the percentage of the total budgeted amount for all tuition fees to the total revenue : 

     

 is the percentage of the budgeted amount, other than tuitions, to be generated by the institution to the total revenue ie:

  

 is the percentage of budgeted amount of donations and all types of funds to the total revenue ie:

  

 is the percentage of budgeted amount for other internal revenues ie:

   

 is the percentage of budgeted amount for other external revenues to total revenue ie:

  

Expenditures Indicators: I2, I3 and I4

The three expenditures indicators are: expenditures per student, expenditures per EFTSL, and cost per credit hour. They are denoted by I2, I3 and I3 respectively . Their computation is derived from the three types of budgeted expenditures (Teaching and Research, Student services, and Administrative). Each of these indicators is expressed as:

    for i= 2,3, and 4  where

·          eb11 is the overall expenditure per student and eb12, eb13, and eb14 are the budgeted teaching and research, services, and administrative expenditures per student respectively.

·          Eb21 is the overall expenditure per EFTSL and eb22, eb23, and eb24 are the budgeted services, and administrative expenditures per EFTSL respectively.

·          Eb31 is the overall cost per credit hour and eb32, eb33, and eb34 are the budgeted teaching and research, services, and administrative expenditures per credit hour respectively.

If EB1, EB2, EB3 and, EB4 denote the total expenditure and its three components: Teaching and Research, Services, and Administrative expenditures, respectively ie:

 

 

On the other hand, if NSTD, NEFTSL, and NCRHS denote the total number of students, the total number of EFTSL, and the total number of registered credit hours by all students, respectively, then the various ebij ‘s will be computed as follows:

 

where :

·          , and

·          is the number of credit hours registered by the ith student during the semester.

·          is the normal semester credit hours load for ith student during the semester

 

 

Financial Aid Indicator: I5

This indicator is measured by the percentage of all tuition fees spent on scholarships. That is:

  

Scope indicators: I6, I7, and I8

These three indicators do not need any calculation.

Library indicators: I9, I10, and I11

Library holdings:

I9 is of the form  where:

 

 


The number of databases is given by:

Library funding indicator B11 is of the form  where I11,1 is the library funding as percentage of total expenditure and I11,2 is the library funding as percentage of total tuition fees.

 

 

Labor Market indicators: I12 and I13

Indicator I12 is the rate of employment within 12 months after graduation.

  

where

·           is the number of yes answers to Q1 of Part B of Graduate Survey

·           is the total number of respondents who replied by yes or no to the question Q1: Graduates that reply by Not Applicable should not be counted as concerned by the question.

NB It is reported as percentage by institution:  

 

Indicator I13 is the percentage of satisfied employers of the graduates

  

where

·           is the number of “4 or 5” answers to Q X of Employers survey

·           is the total number of employers who replied to question X for the institution.

 

 

 

 

Area 2: Research and Innovation (8 Indicators)

 

Research Income Indicator: I14

I14 is computed from financial data using the following formula:

Funding sources Indicator I15

Papers Indicator I16

The value of I16 is computed using the formula:

Where

ISNi denotes number of papers published in Journals with ISNN by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by authored papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty.

ISNo denotes number of joint papers published in Journals with ISNN by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by number of papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty where the co-author(s) is from outside the institution

NISNi denotes number of papers published in Journals without ISNN by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by authored papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty

NISNo denotes number of joint papers published in Journals without ISNN by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by authored papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty where the co-author(s) is from outside the institution

CONFNi denotes number of papers published in proceedings of conferences by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by authored papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty

CONFNo denotes number of joint papers published in proceedings of conferences by FT Faculty with academic rank:Assistant prof. and above augmented by authored papers published by non-terminal degrees holders faculty where the co-author(s) is from outside the institution

nphd is the total number of FT Faculty holders of a terminal degree and having RANK OF Assistant prof. and above

no is the number of FT faculty not holding a terminal degree who had published any type of paper which had not been counted for one of terminal holders

Books Indicator I17

I17 is computed using the following formulae:

Where

·         NBi is the number of books published by one or several FT Faculty at the institution

·         NBj is the number of books published with an external co-author

·         nphd is the number of Faculty with academic rank assistant professor and above

·         no is the number of Faculty of rank below Assistant Professorship who has published one book or more counted in the numerator of the formula

Patents Indicator I18

I18 is computed using the following formulae:

Where

·         NPi is the number of patents registered by one or several FT Faculty at the institution

·         NPj is the number of patents registered with one or more than one external co-author

·         nphd is the number of Faculty with academic rank assistant professor and above

·         no is the number of Faculty of rank below Assistant Professorship who has registered a patent counted in the numerator of the formula

Citations Indicator I19

I19 to be calculated by outside entity in the future.

 

Awards Indicator I20

 

Research (PhD) students Indicator I21

To be counted from enrolments data

where

Area 3: Academic Programs (21 Indicators)

 

Student satisfaction Indicator I22

I22 is a multi-valued indicator of the form:

 

where spi for i=1,..7 are the satisfaction rates for the 7 student questions as reported by the institution ie:

 Faculty are helpful:   

Satisfaction with teaching methods:   

Satisfaction with teaching facilities:  

Satisfaction with library services:  

Satisfaction with student services: 

Satisfaction with classroom facilities:  

Recommendation rate of the institution to friends:

 

Alumni satisfaction Indicator I23

I23 is a multi-valued indicator of the form:

 

where gpi for i=1,..8 are the satisfaction rates for the 8 graduate questions as reported by the institution ie:

Graduates competence:   

Selection the institution for Graduate studies:  

Element of success:  

Satisfaction with teaching facilities:  

Employment before graduation*: 

Employment within 12 months after graduation:  

Admission to Graduate program:

Satisfaction with score in Professional exams:

Students mobility Indicator I24

I24 is computed for Fall and Spring semesters using the following formulae:

where

The final value of this indicator is the sum of the Fall value and the Spring value

Students Mobility from Overseas Institution Indicator I25

I25 is computed for Fall and Spring semesters using the following formulae:

where

The final value of this indicator is the sum of the Fall and the Spring semester values

Transfer Students Indicator I26

I26 is computed for Fall and Spring semesters using the following formulae:

where

High School Score Indicator I27

I27 indicator is to be computed for each area of specialization using:

 

where 

Hs1 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained by holders of UAE And GCC National high school certificates

Hs2 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained by holders of US high school certificates

Hs3 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained by holders of British high school certificates after conversion

Hs4 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained by holders of other high school certificates after conversion

Hs5 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores on a scale of 4.0 for admitted students to Master programs.

CEPA score Indicator I28

I28 indicator is a matrix indicator defined by:

 

where s1 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained in CEPA/Math

where s2 is a 6 –value array: (min score, max score, 1st quartile, mean, median, 3rd quartile) for scores obtained in CEPA/English

Ratio of Enrolled Students to Admitted / Applicants Indicator I29

The indicator I29 will be computed as follows:

and 

Where nad, nenr, and nap are the number of admitted (offered a seat) applicants, number of enrolled new students, and total number of applicants, respectively.

Number of Internships Indicator I30

Number of internships (by industry sector, by gender)

This indicator is derived from the number of internships per sector and per gender for the year ?

Where  is the number of internships conducted in the Fall semester in sectors j=1,….m and i=1 stands for male counts and i=2 stands for female counts.

NB: the mth sector will stand for “other sectors”

 s will be determined from variable  of enrolments data for Fall Data . More precisely:

 where

Thus,

where , , and  are the results for Fall, Spring and Summer semesters respectively.

Persistence rate I31

Persistence rate I31 is defined as the percentage of students still enrolled in comparison to a base year which is commonly taken as the semester of first enrolment. I31 is to be presented for each institution as follows:

 

 

 

where

 is the number of students that joined a 1 year program in semester 20081 (Fall 2008)

 how many of  students of 20081 cohort were present /studying in 20082 etc..

  is the persistence rate for that cohort and it is defined by

    

 

The same rule will be applied for the computation of the persistence rates for each type of programs and for each semester of enrolments

 

 Access Rate Indicator I32

The access rate is defined as the relative frequency of the intake in 20111 and 20112 in each broad specialization.

Thus,

where

NSTDN is the total number of new students in semesters 20111 and 20112, i.e:

 

 

 ;

 are the number of new students in specialization i in Fall and Spring semesters 2011-12 respectively,

 

This rate will be computed for undergraduate and MSc programs and PhD programs separately suing the above approach

 

The data variables to be used are: E14, or E15 and E16

 

 Progression rate I33

Where  is the number of students re-enrolled in Spring Semester with CGPA 2.0 or more

 

NSTDF and  is computed from E1 of Fall data and Spring Data.

We should subtract from  those whose CGPA>2.0 and did not increase their credit hours and CGPA constant to drop out withdrawn students with high CGPA

 

Foundation problem to be detected from registered credit hours in Fall semesters

Passed foundation if in Spring they register full load

 

The data variable to be used is: E28

 

Success rate Indicator I34

Success rate is the EFTSL of units passed as a percentage of all EFTSL of units attempted. Attempted EFTSL comprises units passed, failed and withdrawn. Thus, this will be determined from Fall data 20111 and Spring20112

 

 

 

where  (of Spring Data) are the number of credit hours passed in the previous semester (Fall 2011), number of credit hours registered at the beginning of the previous semester, and program load of kth student respectively.

 

 

Graduation Indicator I35

 Indicator I35 is the number of graduates of degree and certificate per program and type of degree

 

 

 

Where  are number of Fall and Spring enrolments in the different areas (area 1, area2, etc….) of specialization (10), and  are the number of graduates in Fall and spring semesters in each area. This also includes summer data.

 

Graduation Indicator I36

To be derived from Indicator  by expressing it as percentages.

 

Achievement/grades Indicator I37

This indicator reflects the distribution of the CGPA of students per specialization and level

 

 

where  is the number of students enrolled in specialization I whose CGPA is in jth category, and ni is the number of students enrolled in programs of the area I.

The data variable to be used is: E28

 

Performance in professional association exams Indicator I38

 

Completion rate Indicator I39

Computed as percentage of graduates within 1,5 years since enrolments in the institution.

 program

1 year UG program

2 year UG programs

3 year UG programs

4 year Ug program

5 year

UG program

 

1 year PG program

2 year PG program

3 year PG program

2006

Ng/new

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Critical Thinking Indicator I40

Not currently calculated.

Graduates Scholarship I41

where

 is the number of last year graduates receiving a scholarship from the institution for graduate studies (MSc or PhD) at the institution

 is the number of last year graduates receiving a scholarship from external bodies for graduate studies (MSc or PhD) at the institution

 is the number of last year graduates receiving a scholarship from the institution or from an external body for graduate studies (MSc or PhD) in another institution

 is the number of graduates of the previous academic year (2010-11)

 are to be identified from E14, E18, E39, and E40 and list of last year graduates

 

 

Engagement in GR Studies I42

 SUR10

Area 4: Human Capital (13 Indicators)

Teaching load Indicator I43

This indicator will be presented in the following form

 

where

The first row is for Professors, the second is for Associate professors, the third one is for Assistant professor, the 4th one if for Lecturers/instructors, and the 5th one is for Adjunct faculty independently of their academic rank.

The first column gives the average number of credit hours taught in fall Semester, the 2nd one gives the average number of credits in Spring Semester, the 3rd column gives the average number of contact hours in Fall, the 4th column gives the average number of contact hrs in Spring semester, column 5 gives the average number of different courses taught per semester, column 6 gives the average number of students taught per semester, and column 7 gives the college/school

 

Research load Indicator I44

 I44 is the release time from the normal teaching load.

 where

r1 is the average release time for research given to professors, r2 is that given to Associate Professors, r3 to Assistant professors, and r4 to lecturers and instructors if applicable and per college.

It is the average of FM4 once un-stacked for each rank and college.

 

 

Faculty Salary Indicator I45

 and

I45,a and I45,b will be computed for each rank and for each college where a stands for the salary, and b stands for benefits.

-                    is the average monthly salary, without benefits, of a professor in College 1,  is the monthly salary of a professor in college 2 etc..

-                    is the average monthly salary, without benefits, of an Associate professor in College 1,  is the monthly salary of an associate professor in college 2 etc..

-                    is the average monthly salary, without benefits, of an Assistant professor in College 1,  is the monthly salary of an associate professor in college 2 etc..

-                    is the average monthly salary, without benefits, of a lecturer/instructor in College 1,  is the monthly salary of a lecturer/instructor in college 2 etc..

-                    is the average semester dues of an Adjunct faculty per credit hour in College 1,  is the average semester dues of an Adjunct faculty per credit hour in College 2, etc..

Data used: FS18, FS20, FS22, and FL49

The same approach is done for the benefits I45,b excluding adjunct faculty.

 

Faculty Satisfaction Indicator I46

Data variables used: SUR3, SUR4, SUR5, SUR6, SUR7, SUR8

Staff Satisfaction Indicator I47

Data variables used: SUR17, SUR18, SUR19, SUR20, SUR21

Faculty retention Indicator I48

I48 is the average of the number of years of experience at the institution, per college and per rank.

It is derived from variable FS12 (hiring date)

Faculty rank Indicator I49

I49 is the relative frequency distribution of FT Faculty by academic ranks, and their total number.

Where

·         rf11 is the percentage of professors in college 1, rf12 is their percentage in college 2 etc..

·         rf21 is the percentage of associate professors in college 1, rf12 is their percentage in college 2 etc..

·         rf51 is the number of FT faculty in college 1, rf52 is their number in college 2 etc..

Data to be used: FS22, FL5, and FL7

Number of national awards Indicator I50

I49 = INST42

Faculty highest degree Indicator I51

I51 gives the relative frequency distribution of FT Faculty over their highest degree per College, and for the institution.

 

 

Where

·         rfi1 for i=1,..c is the percentage of PhD/Doctorate holders in college i,

·         rfj2 for i=1,..c is the percentage of other than PhD terminal degree holders in college i,

·         rfj3 for i=1,..c is the percentage of MSc holders in college i,

·         rfj4 for i=1,..c is the percentage of BSc holders in college i

·         rfj5 for i=1,..c is the percentage of holders of degrees other than PhD/Doctorate, MSc, and BSc in college i

·         rfj6 for i=1,..c is the total number of FT Faculty in college i

·         rfc+1,j is the percentage for each type of degree for the institution (overall).

Data used: FS14, and FM15

Faculty broad Nationality Indicator I52

I52 gives the relative frequency distribution of FT Faculty over their broad Nationality per College, and for the institution.

 

·         rfi1 for i=1,..c is the percentage of UAE National Faculty members in college i,

·         rfj2 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Faculty from GCC (other than UAE) in college i,

·         rfj3 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Faculty from Arab countries other than GCC countries in college i,

·         rfj4 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Faculty from other countries in college i,

·         rfc+1,j is the percentage for each type of broad nationality for the institution (overall).

Data used: FS6, and FL5

Faculty Highest Degree broad region Indicator I53

 I53 gives the relative frequency distribution of the region from which FT Faculty obtained his/her highest degree per College, and for the institution.

 

·         rfi1 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty members, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from UAE,

·         rfi2 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from GCC (other than UAE,

·         rfi3 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from Arab countries other than GCC countries,

·         rfi4 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from European country

·         rfi5 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from North or South America

·         rfi6 for i=1,..c is the percentage of FT Faculty, in college i, who obtained their highest degree from an Asian country

·         rfc+1,j is the percentage for each type of broad nationality for the institution (overall).

Data to be used: FL5, and FS15

Percentage of Female Faculty Indicator I54

I54 gives the relative frequency distribution of FT Female Faculty per College, and for the institution.

 

·         rfi1 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Female FT Faculty members, in college i, holders of PhD degree

·         rfi2 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Female FT Faculty members, in college i, holders of an MSc degree

·         rfi3 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Female FT Faculty members, in college i, holders of BSc degree

·         rfi4 for i=1,..c is the percentage of Female FT Faculty members, in college i, holders of another degree

·         rfi5 for i=1,..c the percentage of Female FT Faculty members in college i

·         rfc+1,j is the percentage of Female FT Faculty members per highest degree for the institution (overall).

Data used: FS5, FL5, and FS14

Age of Faculty Indicator I55

I55 gives the relative frequency distribution of the average age of FT Faculty per College, and for the institution.

 

·         rfi1 for i=1,..c is the average age of FT Faculty members, in college i, with academic rank Professor

·         rfi2 for i=1,..c is the average age of FT Faculty members, in college i, with academic rank Associate Professor

·         rfi3 for i=1,..c is the average age of FT Faculty members, in college i, with academic rank Assistant Professor

·         rfi4 for i=1,..c is the average age of FT Faculty members, in college i, with academic rank Lecturer/instructor and other rank

·         rfi5 for i=1,..c the overall average age of FT Faculty members in college i

·         rfc+1,j is the average age of FT Faculty members per rank for the institution (overall).

Data used: FS7, FL5, and FS22

Area 5: Learning Environment  (7 Indicators)

 

Student demographics Indicator I56

Indicator I56 is to be presented in the form of few tables or in a single very large table.

Data to be used: E2, E26, E14, E8, E7, E11, E22, E20, E19, E18, E41, E42

Student –Faculty ratio Indicator I57

where

·            

·          is the number of credit hours registered by the ith student during the semester.

·          is the normal semester credit hours load for ith student during the semester

·          is the number of Equivalent FT Faculty defined by:

 

·         NFT is the number of FT Faculty

·         NPTA is the adjusted number of PT Faculty defined by

  

      

 

Student –Staff ratio Indicator I58

 is the Student-Staff ratio computed by taking into account all employees including elementary staff.

 is the Student-Staff ratio computed by excluding elementary staff.

 and

Where

·            

·          is the number of credit hours registered by the ith student during the semester.

·          is the normal semester credit hours load for ith student

·          is the number of concerned FT Staff

      

    

FT-PT Faculty ratio Indicator I60

 is the FT-PT ratio computed using counts.

 is the FT-PT ratio computed using Equivalent PT Faculty ie: 1 EPT corresponds to 6 hrs teaching.

,  and  where

 

 

Where

NFT is the number of full time faculty

NPT is the number of PT Faculty

Data used: FL7, FL14

Lectures Class Size Indicator I61

I61 is to give the number of lecture classes, and their distribution over the bands given in the template

where n is the total number of classes offered during the semester, , and

 is the number of classes where the number of registered students is less than 10

 is the number of classes where the number of registered students is between 10 and 29

 is the number of classes where the number of registered students is between 10*i and 10*(i+1)-1 for i=3,4,5

is the number of classes where the number of registered students is 60 or more

Data used: INT5-INT10

 Lab/Studios Class Size Indicator I62

I62 is to give the number of Laboratory or Studio classes, and their distribution over the bands given in the template

where n is the total number of Laboratory or Studio classes offered during the semester, , and

 is the number of Laboratory or Studio classes where the number of registered students is less than 10

 is the number of Laboratory or Studio classes where the number of registered students is between 10 and 19

 is the number of Laboratory or Studio classes where the number of registered students is between 20 and 29

is the number of Laboratory or Studio classes where the number of registered students is 30 or more

Data to be used: INT1-INT4

NB

The Financial Data to be used are budgeted values. Actual values will be reported from the institutions in the next run.

Center for Higher Education Data and Statistics  , United Arab Emirates Copyright © 2012

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